Deciding to open your heart and home up to a new puppy is an exciting time with many factors to consider. They will be part of your life for many years, and potentially growing up with your children, so getting a puppy that suits your lifestyle and maintaining good health over this time is important.
With a growing concern for animal welfare, we suggest you consider ethical issues when looking for a dog. If you do not have specific breed requirements, consider adoption of either a puppy or an adult dog; there are always some looking for a new home. If you decide to purchase through a breeder, we recommend selecting a New Zealand Kennel Club Accredited Breeder, or follow The New Zealand Veterinary Association recommendations as follows:
- NEVER buy from a puppy farm. It only supports them and further puppies will be produced.
- Visit the breeder to see the facilities and where the puppy is being raised.
- Meet the puppy’s parents to assess their health and temperament; whether they have required any corrective surgery, or if they are related. Check how old the bitch was at mating (ideally between 1 and 6 years old), how many litters she has had (no more than 3), and if she has required a caesarean (no more than 2).
- Support breeders who test for inherited disease, and use these results in selecting the mating.
- Do not support breeders who produce puppies with exaggerated features.
- In breeds that tend towards exaggerated features, choose a breeder who is actively selecting away from those features (such as flat face, short legs, excessive skin).
- A puppy should be over 8 weeks of age when going to their new home, should have been socialised with people and other animals, have been on preventative parasite treatment (fleas and worms), had a vet check and had their first vaccination. The breeder should also provide ongoing support to the new owner over the transition period.